• Factors Influencing Mortality of Construction Workers – Part II

    Factors Influencing Mortality of Construction Workers – Part II

    Hand shake
    Some workers may shake hands because of the constant use of some tools. Prevention of hand tremor is inevitable. Early symptoms include tingling or numbness in the fingers. If left untreated, the function of the nerve will be disrupted and the person will not be able to get the necessary tools or even a glass of water.
    Toxic substances in the air
    Many lung diseases are caused by the presence of toxins in the air. Although dust and pollution from construction are not the main cause, they will not be ineffective. The problem is that the effects of these substances on human breathing take years, and when a person suffers from shortness of breath or pulmonary problems, he or she begins to think about using personal protective equipment. Some of the main causes of lung and respiratory diseases that occur in the workplace are as follows:
    Dust from stone milling, collecting construction debris and cleaning project site
    Inhaled isocyanates used in the manufacture of paints, varnishes, adhesives, flooring, insulation and more
    Particles caused by wood cutting
    Asbestos or asbestos fibers are used as insulators in building materials because of their high heat resistance. About 5% of lung diseases are related to these toxic fibers. This material is reported to have been used in 5 of the UK’s public buildings. Refractory cotton fibers are very dangerous and can lead to respiratory diseases.
    Sudden collapse
    Many of the accidents that happen to workers during work are caused by sudden falls. People exposed to drilling and digging or forced to work at height are at great risk of falling. Among the things that will lead to the fall of workers are the following:
    Loose and unstable soil around the pit
    Undermining the integrity of surrounding structures
    Crash of materials or equipment due to loose soil

  • Factors Influencing Mortality of Construction Workers – Part I

    Factors Influencing Mortality of Construction Workers – Part I

    The construction industry is a growing industry in different countries and every year special arrangements are made for its growth and development. One of the issues that has always been of concern to officials and activists in this field is the safety of workers and the prevention of potential dangers. Thousands of workers die every year from construction accidents around the world, but these accidents do not just happen due to non-compliance with safety considerations, and other factors play a part in the following.
    Although fatigue is not listed as a risk factor in construction, it is a factor that affects many events. Construction work is very laborious and often takes a long time in harsh climates. When a worker is tired physically or mentally, his or her attention and attention goes down, and he or she may get tired of doing the job properly and make mistakes. In construction, the slightest error results in irreparable damage, so fatigue can be considered a reason for not doing the right physical and mental activities.
    Working at height
    Working at height is one of the most important causes of death or physical handicap in construction projects. According to statistics, about 2 percent of workers between the ages of two and three have died because of falling from altitude. Factors that lead to the accident include:
    Lack of protection and protected openings
    Existence of unprotected edges
    Unsafe ladders or scaffolding
    Loose tools or equipment that are not well positioned on roofs or traffic lanes
    Movable objects
    Various activities are carried out at the project site, materials are shipped to high altitudes or thrown from the ground, so if these are not properly managed and safety issues are not addressed, any objects will fall. It can be an accident. There are a number of reasons that cause injury to a worker by moving objects:
    Crowded and disturbed places where safety concerns are not met
    No warning lights or horns on moving vehicles
    Low light places
    Working closely with moving machines and tools
    Dealing with mobile devices such as boxes, machines, etc.
    No warning signs in traffic areas
    Reportedly, 5 of the 6 to 6 deafness problems in the UK relate to the work environment of active construction workers. Of these, 5 were women and 3 were men. The places where construction projects are carried out may become dangerous if noise levels exceed the permitted level and cause hearing problems. The problem is that because of the varying noise levels, workers often do not use ear protection. However, sometimes the use of ear protectors can lead to an accident. For example, the worker may not hear the siren alarm and not leave the scene on time.

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