• Design of a 450 meter villa in Urmia

    Design of a 450 meter villa in Urmia

    Design of a 450 meter villa
    Client: Engineer Masoumi
    1. Provide visual connection with the creation of a widow between classes
    2. Jacuzzi on the first floor terrace next to the master room
    3. The effect of greenhouse space on the stairway between the floors
    4. Providing different views around the building due to its location among the gardens around the city of Urmia

  • Urmia Villa Design

    Urmia Villa Design

    In designing the villa of Urmia, the points that have been considered in it are a very good visual connection of the interior spaces with the outside area. The dining room, which is influenced by the glass floor, has a subtle sense of water in the interior.
    Creating a greenhouse on the ground floor adjacent to the breakfast area and placing access to the first floor around the greenhouse space
    Access to the roof garden from the stairs Direct access from the yard
    Location of locker room and sauna and shower next to the pool in the yard


  • Design and implementation of villas

    Design and implementation of villas

    Design and implementation of villas
    Infrastructure: 450 meters
    Client: Engineer Masoumi
    Location: Urmia

    Designing :

  • Keep this in mind when choosing the right light for each room

    Keep this in mind when choosing the right light for each room

    According to research by scientists, eye diseases caused by exposure to very bright, cold and fluorescent lights have increased by 5%. Think about the room where you spend most of your time. Have you considered choosing the right light in each room when designing your home? Do you know how many lamps should be in the room? Do you know what kind of light comes in each room? How many lamps are there in your room?
    All of these should be taken into account when choosing the right light for every room and office. When choosing the right light you should pay attention to the location. Different lights have different effects on your eyes and some of them endanger your eye health.

    What kind of light should be avoided in choosing the right light?
    Fluorescent lamps, cold white and bright lights, and incandescent lamps produce the highest amount of ultraviolet light. According to research, most of the eye damage is caused by these lights, and it is best to keep this in mind when choosing the right light for different locations and the lighting of each room.
    In addition to these lights, mobile lights, tablets, blue lights and some types of LEDs are harmful to the eyes. Sunlight can also cause eye damage. What distinguishes these lights from the appropriate light selection list is their short wavelength of light.

    In the 19th century, the first incandescent lamp was invented by Thomas Edison. Since then, there has been considerable improvement in the different types of bulbs and their productivity. There are many different types of lamps available in different places and appliances such as lamps found in the lighting systems of homes, offices, factories, electrical appliances, and so on.
    The performance of a lamp depends on the type of bubble (glass or bulb). Different types of bulb bulbs cause different lights. Lamps produce light by electricity and are a form of artificial light. Lamps and lights play a vital role in the lighting system and help us create our own lighting.

    Here’s a look at the different types of lights and lamps, their features and performance. Understanding the types of lamps is important for saving energy and choosing the right lighting for each room and location, and this information will help you decide which lamps can be used depending on the environment in which the lighting is to be used. Provide adequate light to any room and location.

    Different types of lamps and lights
    Incandescent lamps
    Incandescent lamps are standard lamps that most people are quite familiar with. Incandescent lamps are manufactured in different sizes and voltages. These light bulbs produce light and heat by the electricity that passes through the tungsten filament (chromium metal) inside their bubble. The filament is in a mixture of nitrogen gas or vacuum.
    Over time, LED lamps, fluorescent lamps, and others have replaced these types of lamps and are less commonly used today. One of the reasons that reduced the use of this lamp is the sudden flow of light on the lamp. Due to the bubble being thin and the energy and heat generated by the lamp, it is possible to break the lamp as the filaments warm up.

    Compact fluorescent lamps
    Compact fluorescent lamps are a new type of fluorescent lamps that work just like the old fluorescent lamps. One of the problems with these lamps is mercury production and disposal problems. This lamp is designed as a replacement for incandescent lamps.
    These lamps use less energy, produce the same amount of light and last longer. The luminous efficiency of a compact fluorescent lamp is about 2 lumens per watt and lasts approximately 2 hours. Most of these tubes are manufactured in tubular form and their new models look like incandescent bulbs.

    Halogen lamps
    These bulbs include a tungsten filament with a dense, translucent coating, filled with static gas and a small amount of halogen (bromine or iodine). These lights are smaller than ordinary bulbs. Halogen extends the life and brightness of the lamp. The optical efficiency of a halogen lamp is about 2 lumens per watt.

    Moonlight bulbs
    Fluorescent lamps use less energy to produce light than incandescent lamps and have an efficiency of about 2 to 3 lumens per watt, but are more expensive than these lamps. Fluorescents do not have good color and have a cold appearance. So consider this when choosing the right light. This lamp can be used in many places, especially the outdoor environment. When using this lamp, it is best to combine it with another good light.

    Neon lights
    Neon lamps contain low-pressure gas and work with a glass bubble with two electrodes installed. Standard light bulbs are filled with a mixture of neon gas and argon, while light bulbs are filled with pure neon gas only. The gas in the bulb of this bulb causes the electrodes to transfer energy to each other and keep the bulb on.

    Keep this in mind when choosing the right light for each room

    HID lamps or high drain lamps
    These lamps produce a great deal of light and are not suitable for home use. They are used in outdoor lamps, stadiums, public areas, streets, roads and parking lots. Safety is very important in making these lamps.

    LED lamps
    This type of light bulb directs light through electrons in a semiconductor device. LED bulbs produce much more light than incandescent bulbs, while consuming much less energy and lasting longer. They basically put the LEDs in a bubble so that it can be used as a lamp. These lamps can produce different color lights without color filters. The cost of buying an LED is slightly higher than other lamps.
    Metal halide lamps
    The lamps have an arc-shaped duct made of ceramic or quartz, with mercury, MH salt and gas flowing through it. The light they produce is greater than their size, and they are very efficient. Most of these lamps are used in auditoriums, playgrounds and outdoor areas.

    Sodium low pressure lamps
    Sodium lamps work similar to fluorescent lamps and take a few seconds to illuminate. These light bulbs produce a great deal of light and are suitable for outdoor use, roads, etc.
    What lamps should you consider when choosing the right light?
    The first step in choosing the right light is choosing the right lamp. There are light sources that, in addition to being better for the eye, produce more energy. These lamps come in a variety of prices and applications, and finally, by exploring them and explaining their features, you can choose the right light.
    Solar Lamps (Warm Light Bulb)
    The first lamp you can put on your “Choose the right light” list is the solar lamp. These traditional lamps produce warmer light and emit less UV radiation than white light bulbs. The only problem with these lamps is their high energy consumption and cost, but one of the best options is choosing the right light.

    Full spectrum lamps
    The term optical spectrum does not refer to a particular type of lamp, but rather to a criterion for the health of some lamps. These types of light bulbs simulate natural light and balance the brightness and contrast of the light bulb. The makers of these lamps believe that the light of these lamps enhances readability, color perception and mood.

    LED lamps
    You can also use LED lamps to choose the right light! These bulbs are more expensive than other bulbs but are very energy efficient. These lamps do not produce any UV rays. There are many misconceptions about these lamps.
    For example, many people believe that these lamps can only produce cold and blue light, while LED lamps have a color spectrum and produce warm light. Another misconception is that many people think that the amount of energy saved by these lamps is too low. But studies show that the energy consumption of these lamps is about half the energy consumption of incandescent and fluorescent lamps.

    Compact fluorescent lamps or CLFs
    In addition to producing low UV rays, these lamps emit more light than the conventional incandescent and fluorescent lamps. Their light is lower than the LED bulbs, but they are less expensive than the bulbs. One of the drawbacks of this type of lamp is the mercury that it produces, but it is much less than the mercury produced by conventional fluorescent lamps.
    Introduced lamps show the least amount of damage and you can use them to select the right lighting for your room.

    Choose the right lighting and use of each room
    The choice of appropriate lighting should be taken into account in each location and the amount of light in each room should be chosen according to its application. Generally, lighting is divided into three models: ambient lighting, working lighting, accent lighting.
    Ambient or general lighting is the amount of light used to light a room. In addition to the usual use of natural light in a room, this lighting tries to make the room brighter. Chandeliers, bulbs, wall lamps, etc. can be used for this purpose.
    Using lighting will allow you to have more light than the natural light in space. So by focusing the lamps and lights on different locations, you try to create optical contrast. Desktop lights, study lights, and cabinets and cabinets are the most common types of lighting. Other lamps can be used for this lighting, but the type and style of these lamps, the way they are used in the environment, and the amount of light they use are effective.
    Accent lighting illuminates a particular environment. This type of lighting is mainly used to focus light on an artwork. This way the light is focused on the effect and the surrounding effect should be darker and create a shadow around it.

    To choose the right light and use these techniques, you need to consider what you use in one room and then use different techniques. It is best to start with ambient lighting and then work lighting and then acce lighting.

    12/29/2019 By smart dg land Interior design
  • Safety and Health of Building Materials and Products

    Safety and Health of Building Materials and Products

    Perhaps one of the aspects that is often overlooked or less overlooked in the design of a structure is the choice of materials and construction products. The importance of choosing the right construction products is very important and this plays an important role in the success or failure of a building. Even the use of standard building products has a significant impact on home prices, and each of us has probably heard about the quality of our housing and its price at least once when buying a home or mortgage and renting it.
    In our country, the Ministry of Roads and Urban Development has enacted the technical and engineering aspects of building and national regulations governing the technical and engineering aspects of building, and compliance with these rules is essential for all construction activists.
    Although these regulations are presented in various categories such as the standards defined for each material, its specifications and technical specifications, its compatibility with the building and its type of packaging and maintenance, we present in this article from the Keyboard Journal to Materials Safety and Considerations Environmental Some of the building products used in building a building are:
    A few items of construction products
    Generally, for the construction of a structure, the technical specifications of construction products must be standardized and materials that have quality certification must be used.
    Hydraulic Cement
    This type of cement is very sticky and hardens in combination with water or its proximity (also air). Thus, by definition, hydraulic cement is waterproof and does not perish in the face of water.

    Materials safety and environmental considerations of hydraulic cement
    This type of cement contains a small amount of live lime and other alkaline oxides, so it can be harmful to the skin and eyes, and dust in the air can cause respiratory problems. Therefore, cement should not be dispersed in the air.
    When using cement, people need to wear gloves, glasses, masks, and long sleeves to prevent it from impacting different parts of the face and body.

    If the cement comes in contact with damp skin or eyes, it should be washed off with plenty of clean water as soon as possible. In case of prolonged exposure to cement, it is advisable to use dilute vinegar solution to wash the skin after the area has been rinsed.
    Plaster and its products
    Plaster is a building adhesive that is white in color, if pure. If gypsum is cooked at low temperature and in laboratory conditions, gypsum is obtained.
    Material Safety and Environmental Considerations of Building Plaster
    In structures that use building plaster, workers also use shoes, protective boots, gloves, masks and safety clothing. Also, be careful when loading the construction plaster so that the envelopes are not torn and dust is not created.

    Building plaster compatibility with other materials
    Building plaster products, especially in wet areas, should be covered with stainless steel if exposed to steel.
    Building plaster and its products in related areas, such as the northern cities of the country, should not be directly adjacent to concrete or cement products.
    Construction mortars
    Generally, a paste that is created by mixing adhesive and filler is called fresh mortar. This adhesive can be cement paste and the filling material can be like fine aggregates.

    Mortar is used in construction to glue building materials together. Mortar provides the necessary bedding for plastering, plastering and bonding.
    Materials safety and environmental considerations of building mortars
    Since lime mortar is often used in construction, hydrated lime is best used, and due to lime damage to the skin and eyes, it is necessary to consider the safety of materials and individuals and to avoid lime contact with the working skin. Prevent action.
    Lime, due to its composition of ingredients, causes corrosion of metals such as lead, aluminum and zinc. For this reason, it is necessary to coat metal materials with appropriate materials before placing them in limestone mortar.
    Building stones
    Stones are one of the most commonly used materials in construction. Sometimes stones are used as blocks and sometimes cut to decorate the floor and floor.

    Natural stone consists of one or more minerals and is a synthetic stone made from a mixture of aggregates, adhesives and additives.
    Materials safety and environmental considerations of masonry stone
    Cutting stones should be done indoors using water.
    The use of stones in buildings should never endanger the health and health of people and the environment. If it is likely that harmful radiation is emitted from the stone, it is necessary to examine and test the stone.
    Stones are compatible with all construction products.
    Ceramic tile
    This product is used for floor and wall covering and decorative items. Ceramic tile is manufactured with different properties and systems and is a combination of different minerals.
    Materials Safety and Environmental Ceramic Tile
    Glazed tiles contain some compounds such as lead oxide and cadmium that are harmful to the environment.
    Warehousing and painting of tiles should include safety helmets, work shoes and boots, and staff should be provided with personal protective equipment.

    Like stone, tiles are no longer incompatible with other building products.

  • faculty of psychology allameh

    faculty of psychology allameh

    More about this project
    International registration and company registration services in the UK under the name PKB Engineering consulting
    Advanced architectural services for special buildings in major cities around the world
    Also one of the leading consulting companies in the field of Phase 0 study, Phase 1 & 2 design and Phase 3 supervision in the Ministries of Islamic Republic of Iran
    Our official website




    Phone Call




    Our services include studies, design, supervision, interior design, contracts
    Our projects include commercial project, sports project, residential and office project, health project, urban and urban space project and cultural and religious education project

    faculty of psychology allameh
    faculty of psychology allameh
1 2 3
Previous Next
Test Caption
Test Description goes like this